Oral Presentation Australian Diabetes Society and the Australian Diabetes Educators Association Annual Scientific Meeting 2016

Post-operative Glycaemic Management in Coronary Artery Graft Surgery Patients Transitioning from an Intravenous Insulin Infusion (#116)

Joanne E Taylor 1 , Jane E Ludington 2 , Sam Rudham 3 , Jerry R Greenfield 1 4
  1. Department of Endocrinology & Diabetes, St Vincent's Hospital , Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia
  2. Department of Pharmacy, St Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia
  3. Department of Intensive Care, St Vincent's Hospital , Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia
  4. Diabetes and Metabolism Division, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia

Background: Patients with diabetes have a higher risk of complications following coronary artery graft surgery (CAGS)1. Best practice guidelines stipulate maintaining post-operative blood glucose (BG) < 10mmol/L1. Recommendations for transition from intravenous insulin infusion include initiation of long acting subcutaneous insulin prior to its cessation2.

Aim: To review glycaemic management of CAGS patients for 24 hours before and 72 hours after cessation of a post-operative intravenous insulin infusion.

Methods: CAGS patients with diabetes who were operated on from September 2013 to August 2014 (n = 76) were identified by medical record coding at a tertiary referral hospital. Demographic and blood glucose outcome data were collected from patients who received an intravenous insulin infusion post-operatively. Results were used to inform development of an insulin infusion transition guideline, which was implemented in July 2015. A post implementation audit was conducted in March 2016.

Results: Prior to implementation of the guideline, 85% (n = 57/67 available records) of patients with diabetes received an intravenous insulin infusion following CAGS. Of these, 23% (n = 13/57) were administered long-acting insulin subcutaneously before ceasing the insulin infusion and 74% (n = 42/57) were prescribed ongoing supplemental insulin.  Mean BG was 9.3 ± 1.1 mmol/L in the 24 hours prior to ceasing the infusion and 10.9 ± 2.3, 11.3 ± 2.9 and 10.0 ± 2.7 mmol/L 24, 48 and 72 hours respectively after ceasing the infusion. In 58 patients studied following implementation of the guideline, mean BG was 9.1 ± 1.0 mmol/L (-0.2 mmol/L, P=0.22) in the 24 hours prior to ceasing the infusion and 10.2 ± 2.3 (-0.7 mmol/L, P=0.14), 10.0 ± 2.6 (-1.1 mmol/L, P=0.013) and 8.1 ± 2.4 mmol/L (-1.9 mmol/L, P<0.001) 24, 48 and 72 hours respectively after ceasing the infusion. 

Conclusion: Development and implementation of an insulin infusion transition guideline improved post-operative glycaemic outcomes.

  1. Australian Diabetes Society.Peri-Operative Diabetes Management Guidelines July 2012 [cited 2016 May 18]. Available from: https://diabetessociety.com.au/documents/PerioperativeDiabetesManagementGuidelinesFINALCleanJuly2012.pdf
  2. Jacobi J, Bircher N, Krinsley J, et al. Guidelines for the use of an insulin infusion for the management of hyperglycemia in critically ill patients. Crit Care Med [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2016 May 18];40(12):3251–3276.